Biodiversity Hotspot is a region which is a prime location for the existence of rich biodiversity but also faces the threat of destruction. Pakistan is a signatory to many international initiatives and is making concerted efforts to conserve its biodiversity in all ecological regions. More than 80 plant species for food and agriculture are currently cultivated and/or utilized in the country, excluding ornamental, medicinal, forest and forage plants. Reporting on SDG targets 14.4., 14.6 and 14.b 90 4.. Therefore, regulated flood and its quick recession is no doubt beneficial for the ecosystem as well as related biodiversity of the park in many ways. ### Background A principal function of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) is to “perform regular and timely assessments of knowledge on biodiversity.” In December 2013, its second plenary session approved a program to begin a global assessment in 2015. ADVERTISEMENTS: Positive Impacts of Flood on Biodiversity: This national park developed naturally with its numerous biodiversity. It includes organisms from Earth’s vastly different ecosystems, including deserts, rainforests, coral reefs, grasslands, tundra, and polar ice caps. Below, we discuss six of the major threats to biodiversity: climate change , habitat loss and degradation , pollution , invasive species , over-exploitation and epidemics . Conserving biodiversity outside the areas where they naturally occur is known as ex situ conservation. Marital status is a legally defined marital state. BIODIVERSITY - DEFINITION The number and variety of plants, animals and other organisms that exist in an ecosystem is known as biodiversity It is a measure of the variety of organisms present in different ecosystems The richness of biodiversity depends on the climatic conditions and area of the region ' Biodiversity is the result of 3.5 billion years of evolution 2 | PowerPoint PPT … The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and five other biodiversity … Some scientists are now referring to the crisis as the ‘Earth’s sixth mass extinction’, comparable to the last great extinction crisis 65 million years ago. 2012.pdf. Though a small country, Lebanon hosts various ecosystems that allow for a large number of plants ranging from cold requiring crops to subtropical ones to live and flourish. Biodiversity is the way, so don't let nature go astray. Proposals are presented for workable strategies that could help conserve and realize sustainable levels of biodiversity. Complex concepts such as biodiversity are often easier to grasp if reduced to their Biodiversity is also considered by many to have intrinsic value—that is, each species has a value and a right to exist, whether or not it is known to have value to humans. india's diversity status is very important for our studies...its explains about overall diversity and its status and management Put simply, biodiversity means the variety and variability of organisms in the world. It will enter into force once all signatories have ratified it. Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. In other words, biodiversity is the occurrence of different types of ecosystems, different species of organisms with the whole […] Biodiversity and Conservation for Higher Secondary School Biology - Biodiversity and Conservation is a very important chapter in Biology for 12th standard students of CBSE Board in India. Here, animals and plants are reared or cultivated in areas like zoological or botanical parks. Despite this policy goal, the data show that substantial proportions of species and habitats remain threatened or have unfavourable conservation status, and it seems clear that the 2020 targets will not be met. Biodiversity is the variability among living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine, and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species, and of ecosystems. present status, threats and challenges faced by biodiversity are highlighted. The Government of Pakistan prepared the National Conservation Strategy (NCS) in 1992, with biodiversity conservation as an essential component. Forests in the economy Contribution of forests to environmental stability ... Generation, Maintenance and Loss of Biodiversity, In Global Biodiversity Assessment. Climate is an integral part of ecosystem functioning and human health is impacted directly and indirectly by results of climatic conditions upon terrestrial and marine ecosystems. Biodiversity is not easily defined because it is more than just the sum of its parts, as all of its elements, regardless of whether we understand their roles or know their status, are integral to maintaining functioning, evolving, resilient ecosystems. Designation and management of protected areas is the Wilson in 1985. Biodiversity is vital to boost productivity in ecosystems where species depend on to live. The Convention on the Legal Status of the Caspian Sea (the Convention) has now settled these longstanding difficulties by determining a sui generis regime for the Caspian Sea. Types of conservation. The term biodiversity was coined as a contraction of biological diversity by E.O. It is the number of different species of plants, animals, and microorganisms. Across the range of biodiversity measures, current rates of loss exceed those of the historical past by several orders of magnitude and show no indication of slowing. ; Biodiversity forms the foundation of the vast array of ecosystem services that critically contribute to human well-being. The Convention was signed by the five coastal States (the Parties) on 12 August 2018. Gene editing in veterinary vaccine development: Status of the science. life forms. The programme is broad reaching, and its work includes: • assessing the status and trends of the world's agricultural biodiversity, along with investigating local knowledge of its management; • promoting adaptive-management practices, technologies, policies and These extinctions are irreversible and pose a serious threat to our health and wellbeing. Changes in biodiversity and ecosystem services due to climate change are not all negative, with some species either thriving or adapting. Ex situ conservation. Our role. IPBES is to perform regular and timely assessments of knowledge on biodiversity and ecosystem services and their interlinkages at the global level. Conservative estimates of the existing biodiversity is ten million species, but if estimates for insects are correct then it could be around 30 million species, we have till now enlisted about 1.4 million species. FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR THREATENED STATUS • Skin and venom • Hunting • Export of this specie is a factor for its decrease in number • Turning of habitat into farmland 35. Content available from Kamal C. Semwal: Book chepter Biodiversity Status in Ethiopia and Challenges.pdf. The variety in the orchard is represented by the banana and […] Biodiversity conservation serves as an insurance policy for the future. The Protect Wildlife Project was launched in 2016 in collaboration with Conservation International, USAID, and other partners to combat the threats to wildlife and the causes of biodiversity loss in the Philippines while taking into consideration environmental threats such as habitat loss, unsustainable harvesting, and pollution. Considering the importance of the subject, the objective of this work is to evaluate the arboreal component and natural regeneration biodiversity in an Atlantic Rainy Forest area in Southern Brazil, through different diversity indices in order to find the variables that better represent the current status of diversity in study environment. Biodiversity is the amount of variety of life on Earth. Biodiversity at Global, National and Local Levels (explained with diagram)! By 2020, at the latest, incentives, including subsidies, harmful to biodiversity are eliminated, phased out or reformed in order to minimise or avoid negative impacts, and positive incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are developed and applied, consistent Biodiversity is currently being lost at up to 1,000 times the natural rate. At the start of the current decade, a set of ambitious EU biodiversity targets were set to halt the loss of biodiversity by 2020. STATUS • Least Concern (LC) in world • Near threatened in Pakistan 34. ADVERTISEMENTS: Biodiversity: Loss of Biodiversity and its Impact (with maps)! However, a lot of man-made activities impose huge impacts on biodiversity. Most of these observed changes are modest, which is possibly due to the limited change in climate that has occurred. There are several types of marital status: single, married, widowed, divorced, separated and, in certain cases, registered partnership. Human society depends on biological resources, their diversity and the ecosystems that sustain them to provide essential goods and services. Presented at a CGIAR webinar on 'Genome Editing in Agriculture: Innovations for Sustainable Production and Food Systems', 6 October 2020. biodiversity, which reflects the significance of the issue. Biodiversity provides numerous ecosystem services that are crucial to human well-being at present and in the future. ADVERTISEMENTS: Maintenance of Vegetation Status and Soil Formation: The annual floods coupled with the […] Biodiversity is the collection of flora and fauna of a place. Trends and status of forest products and services. Citation Steinaa, L. 2020. ADVERTISEMENTS: Biodiversity, besides its ecological significance provides a socio-economic and monetary asset to the nation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. Ecological Concepts, Principles and Application to Conservation. Consider an orchard with two types of mango trees and three types of banana trees. However, future projected changes in … Global Level: . The Ecology, Biodiversity, and Conservation series presents balanced, comprehensive, up-to-date, and critical reviews of selected topics within the sciences of ecology and conservation biology, both botanical and zoological, and both 'pure' and 'applied'. Biodiversity may be defined as the variety and variability of living organisms and the ecological complexes in which they exist. This article gives an overview of biodiversity, their types, threats and conservation measures. Variability means the possibility of variation. The gap between developed and developing countries’ sustainability trends in relation to marine capture fisheries 91 5.. Estimating total fish catches and their meaning 93 … About stock status classification 39 3.. Biodiversity Status in Ethiopia and Challenges - - - Husen et al.